Outdoor air pollution has become the fifth biggest cause of death in India after indoor air pollution, high blood pressure, tobacco smoking, and poor nutrition – A new set of findings of the Global Burden of Disease report.
Burden of Disease (GBD) report is a world-wide initiative involving the World
Health Organization (WHO) which tracks deaths and illnesses from all causes
across the world every 10 years.
GBD has ranked air pollution as one of the top 10 killers in the world, and the sixth most dangerous killer in South Asia. According to report, in 2010, about 620,000 premature deaths occurred in India from air pollution-related diseases
The key new findings in India
- Shocking raise in Indian death toll: Air pollution is the 5th leading cause of death in India, with 620,000 premature deaths in 2010. This is up from 100,000 in 2000 – a six-fold increase.
- Huge loss in healthy years: Air pollution is the 7th most important cause behind the loss of about 18 million healthy years of life due to illness. It comes after indoor air pollution, tobacco smoking, high blood pressure, childhood underweight, low nutritional status, and alcohol use.
- Respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are key reasons for air pollution-induced premature deaths: These diseases include stroke (25.48%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (17.32%), Ischemic heart disease (48.6%), lower respiratory infections (6.4%), and trachea, bronchus and lung cancer(2.02%).